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Forensic science teaches policing to scientists and science to the policemen -Dr. T R Baggi [retired Director of the Central Forensic Science Laboratory, Hyderabad]
Forensic Science can aptly be described as the use of scientific techniques and principles in providing Justice.
Source: This is an Excerpt from the report by the Consultants Dr. Gopal Ji Misra & Dr. C. Damodaran which was reported to the Ministry of Home Affairs, India on July 2010
Forensic Science, an amalgamation of almost all faculties of knowledge is an essential and efficient enabler in the dispensation of justice in criminal, civil, regulatory and social contexts.
Historically our forefathers in India have practised forensic application in variety of forms. Present day Indian forensics, as chronicled, owes its genesis to several British – initiated ventures such as Chemical Examiner’s Laboratory (Madras, 1849), Anthropometric Bureau (1892), Finger Print Bureau (1897), Inspectorate of Explosives (1898), Office of Government Handwriting Expert (1904), Serology Department (1910), Foot Print Section (1915), Note Forgery Section (1917), Ballistics Laboratory (1930) and Scientific Section (1936). Having subsequently undergone clubbing / regrouping / spreading, as of now, there are 28 State / Union Territory Forensic Science Laboratories (State / UT FSLs) along with their Regional FSLs (32 RFSLS) and Mobile FSLs (144 MFSLs); they are mostly with the respective Home Department either directly or through police establishment.
During 1957, the first Central Forensic Science Laboratory (CFSL) was established at Calcutta, followed by the ones at Chandigarh (1961; traceable to Lahore – origin of 1933) and Hyderabad (1965). In 1971, Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) Unit came into operation at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Mumbai. Thus the Bureau of Police Research & Development (BPR & D) administered three CFSLs, including NAA, and three laboratories of Government Examiners of Questioned Documents (GEQD). Presently (since 2002 / 03) they are all under the Directorate of Forensic Science (DFS; MHA, GoI); CFSL, Hyderabad has in its fold the NAA Unit and GEQD, Shimla has a branch at Chandigarh.
Organizational (scientific) chart of Directorate of Forensic Science (MHA,GoI)
Another CFSL functions under the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) at Delhi with a small branch at Chennai primarily serving the CBI (Figure 2). Besides, National Crime
Records Bureau (NCRB) hosts the Central Finger Print Bureau, for maintaining crime related finger print database.
Organizational (scientific) chart of CFSL, CBI
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